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MUSHROOMS PROVIIDE IMPORTANT NUTRIENTS

Mushrooms are not a vegetable as they appear to be, but are a kind of fungus.  Some wild mushrooms can be toxic, but the commercially grown edible ones are quite tasty and come in different shapes, sizes, and colours.  Adding flavour and meaty texture to...

SENESCENT CELLS

It is not easy to admit that you are getting on in years and the dreaded three-letter word “old” is far worse to hear than some four-letter words!  Rather use the fancy description that you have “senescence” and that your condition is caused by zombie cells in...

EFFECTS OF AGING ON THE BODY

Aging, like death, is an unfortunate certainty! There are much more involved in aging than just grey hair or wrinkles.  Gerontologists (scientists who study aging) are of the opinion that aging and the rate of aging (individuals age at different rates) result...

BRAIN PLASTICITY

The brain is not only an extraordinary system, but also immensely flexible and adaptable.  The way in which cells in the brain and other parts of the nervous system can adapt to change serves important functions in the brain, such as learning, the forming and...

HOW THE BRAIN SOLVES PROBLEMS WHILE YOU SLEEP

Sleep on it – in the morning you will know what to do: We often wrestle with a problem or cannot make up our minds about a decision to be taken, then decide to sleep on it.  The next morning, we usually have clarity on what to do.   But how does it...

WHAT HAPPENS IN THE BRAIN WHEN YOU DREAM?

Throughout the ages, dreams have had special significance for people.  You may not remember most of your dreams, but everyone spends about two hours per night dreaming.  The brain does not switch off when you go to sleep, but it is highly active during...

ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS

As natural sugar is high in calories and a high intake can lead to weight gain, many people switch to artificial sweeteners, which are made from synthetic chemicals that give a sweet taste without the calories.  As artificial sweeteners are 200 times or more...

WHY WE NEED PROPER SLEEP

A good night’s sleep is just as important for your health as healthy eating and a daily exercise routine.  Like food and water, sleep is essential for survival, no wonder we spend about one-third of our lives sleeping.  The average adult needs 7-8 hours of...

DIVERTICULAR DISEASE OF THE COLON

A healthy colon is a smooth tube-like structure that is internally lined by a layer of epithelial (surface) cells.  The walls of the colon contain muscles, along with many small penetrating arteries that pass through the muscular wall of the colon to carry blood...

BLOOD PRESSURE MEASUREMENT

While high blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the latest research findings also highlight the negative effects of high blood pressure on cognitive function in the brain, as well as the importance of accurate blood pressure measurements....

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