General Health

DOPAMINE

The smell of freshly baked bread lingering in the kitchen adds to the delight from the first bite.  The delight does not only come from our tastebuds, but mainly from a pleasure and reward function in the brain, which helps us to feel happy and even euphoric at...

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COLLAGEN

In search of a magic bullet that would slow down the signs and effects of aging, collagen supplementation has in recent years been being promoted in a variety of products, from skin filler to muscle-building fiber to easing arthritis symptoms.   Endorsements...

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FASTING

Ancient man’s lifestyle of walking long distances daily in search of food and shelter, typified by opportunistic eating and either fasting or feasting, also meant that they had to go for long periods of time without food when none was readily available.  It makes...

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POSTBIOTICS

The terms prebiotics, probiotics, and recently postbiotics, are being bandied about in relation to improving gut health.   The distinction is not always clear and the term postbiotics is not widely known.  The term “biotic” is derived from the Greek...

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SEROTONIN (5 – hydroxy tryptamine)

Serotonin is a small molecule that functions both as a neurotransmitter in the CNS (Central Nervous System) and as a hormone in the periphery. Serotonin is generally known as the “feel good” hormone, as low levels are associated with depression.  Apart from the...

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COVID-19 POSSIBLE LINKS TO BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS

Severe cases of COVID-19 are generally associated with older people and people with preexisting conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.  However, it was unclear why so many young and seemingly healthy people were also hospitalized with severe...

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SENESCENT CELLS

It is not easy to admit that you are getting on in years and the dreaded three-letter word “old” is far worse to hear than some four-letter words!  Rather use the fancy description that you have “senescence” and that your condition is caused by zombie cells in...

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BRAIN PLASTICITY

The brain is not only an extraordinary system, but also immensely flexible and adaptable.  The way in which cells in the brain and other parts of the nervous system can adapt to change serves important functions in the brain, such as learning, the forming and...

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ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS

As natural sugar is high in calories and a high intake can lead to weight gain, many people switch to artificial sweeteners, which are made from synthetic chemicals that give a sweet taste without the calories.  As artificial sweeteners are 200 times or more...

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DIVERTICULAR DISEASE OF THE COLON

A healthy colon is a smooth tube-like structure that is internally lined by a layer of epithelial (surface) cells.  The walls of the colon contain muscles, along with many small penetrating arteries that pass through the muscular wall of the colon to carry blood...

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