General Health

COVID 19 IN SMOKERS

The medical condition Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which primarily targets the epithelial cells, lining the surface of the respiratory passageways and lungs, where it causes viral...

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COVID 19 AFFECTS PEOPLE DIFFERENTLY

Towards the end of 2019, the appearance of the highly contagious novel virus SARS-CoV-2 in Wuhan, China, with the capability of very efficient person-to-person transmission, has resulted in the greatest world-wide public health pandemic of the twenty-first...

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COVID 19 AND THE GUT LUNG AXIS

The functioning of the human body can be compared to a chemical factory, where many individual chemical processes are integrated into a single unit with a common purpose – to keep us alive. Just like any factory, the body needs raw materials to fuel these chemical...

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Omega 3 essential fatty acid

The three macronutrients that we need in our diets are protein, carbohydrates, and fat.  During digestion, enzymes in the gut break down the most plentiful fat in our diet, triglycerides, into fatty acids and a molecule called glycerol.  Once absorbed these...

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BREAST MILK

The first few weeks of breastfeeding are an amazing period of bonding time for mother and baby.  Just as amazing is the essential composition of nutrients contained in breast milk – the most complete food imaginable, cleverly adapting to the needs of the growing...

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SUGAR ADDICTION

Less intense than cocaine and heroin, but nonetheless addictive for some people, sugar activates the same region in the brain that makes you experience a high and feelings of pleasure.  Like using hard drugs, bingeing on sugar blunts the “pleasure” response over...

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FATTY LIVER DISEASE

Besides the unique human brain, the liver is the next most complex organ in the human body.  The liver is a workhorse and is involved in a magnitude of functions, such as the processing of nutrients from all we ingest;  converting them into fuel, storing...

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THE CHEMISTRY OF EXERCISE

Any physical activity or movement of some sort, “activates” most of the physiological systems in the body, such as the respiratory, cardiovascular, and musculoskeletal systems, as well as hormonal and immune responses. Regular exercise results in the inherent...

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HAND OSTEOARTHRITIS

The human hand truly is an anatomical wonder, considering how much your use your hands daily, and all the different movements your wrists, hands, and fingers are capable of. Each hand and wrist has 27 little bones, which enables all the different movements. The bones...

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SARCOPENIA

Growing old gracefully is not for the faint hearted, the brittle boned or the weak. Brittle bones due to osteoporosis, in combination with muscle loss (sarcopenia), can result in falls and broken bones. Muscle mass and strength, in particular, are very important to...

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