Nutrition

FRUCTOSE

Invisible to the eye, sugar is a disaccharide consisting of two molecules in equal amounts, namely glucose, and fructose.  They get separated early in the digestive process and both get absorbed into the bloodstream but are processed quite differently. ...

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TABLE SUGAR EQUALS GLUCOSE AND FRUCTOSE

Too much sugar in the diet has been referred to as “white death” and on closer inspection it boils down to the two ingredients in sugar.  A single molecule of sugar consists of equal amounts of glucose and fructose, which gets separated early during the digestive...

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VITAMIN B12

Vitamins are essential nutrients that the body requires in small quantities daily from our diet, since the body can’t make them.  Vitamins are classified in two broad categories, namely fat soluble, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K, or water soluble, such as the...

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ALLULOSE

The ever-increasing extent of overweight and obesity is highlighted by the World Health Organization, which found that worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975.  In 2016 more than 1,9 billion adults were overweight, of which over 650 million were...

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FASTING

Ancient man’s lifestyle of walking long distances daily in search of food and shelter, typified by opportunistic eating and either fasting or feasting, also meant that they had to go for long periods of time without food when none was readily available.  It makes...

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MUSHROOMS PROVIIDE IMPORTANT NUTRIENTS

Mushrooms are not a vegetable as they appear to be, but are a kind of fungus.  Some wild mushrooms can be toxic, but the commercially grown edible ones are quite tasty and come in different shapes, sizes, and colours.  Adding flavour and meaty texture to...

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ARTERIAL PLAQUE

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally.   The World Health Organization lists ischaemic heart disease as the number one cause of death in the world, followed by stroke in a distant second place.  Ischaemic heart disease, also...

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COVID-19 SYMPTOMS AFFECTED BY VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to more severe illness and an increased fatality rate due to COVID-19, the disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Observational studies at the AZ Delta General Hospital in Roeselare,...

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COVID 19 AND THE GUT LUNG AXIS

The functioning of the human body can be compared to a chemical factory, where many individual chemical processes are integrated into a single unit with a common purpose – to keep us alive. Just like any factory, the body needs raw materials to fuel these chemical...

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Omega 3 essential fatty acid

The three macronutrients that we need in our diets are protein, carbohydrates, and fat.  During digestion, enzymes in the gut break down the most plentiful fat in our diet, triglycerides, into fatty acids and a molecule called glycerol.  Once absorbed these...

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