Physical Activity

BRAIN-DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR (BDNF)

“To function at its best, your brain needs neuron- and synapse-supporting factors, including certain hormones, trophic factors, and nutrients.”  Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role among these synapse-strengthening and neuron-boosting...

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NEUROGENESIS

The brain is regarded as the most complex structure in our universe, and much is still unknown about this extraordinary organ.  Conventional thinking amongst neuroscientists used to be that the brain cells you were born with were fixed and incapable of...

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WALKING FOR GOOD HEALTH

“Walking is a man’s best medicine.”  So said Hippocrates more than 2400 years ago and it is just as true today, as the health benefits of walking have been proven repeatedly by modern scientific studies.  Any physical activity is a boon to overall heath and...

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ARTERIAL PLAQUE

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally.   The World Health Organization lists ischaemic heart disease as the number one cause of death in the world, followed by stroke in a distant second place.  Ischaemic heart disease, also...

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COVID 19 AND THE GUT LUNG AXIS

The functioning of the human body can be compared to a chemical factory, where many individual chemical processes are integrated into a single unit with a common purpose – to keep us alive. Just like any factory, the body needs raw materials to fuel these chemical...

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THE CHEMISTRY OF EXERCISE

Any physical activity or movement of some sort, “activates” most of the physiological systems in the body, such as the respiratory, cardiovascular, and musculoskeletal systems, as well as hormonal and immune responses. Regular exercise results in the inherent...

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STROKE IMPLICATIONS AND REHABILITATION

Stroke is the fourth highest cause of death from natural causes in South Africa, closely following on the top three: TB, diabetes, and heart disease. This is according to the latest information available from Statistics SA, namely for 2016. In 2015, stroke was the...

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WAYS TO PREVENT A STROKE

A wide variety of factors can increase the risk of stroke. It is possible to have inherited an increased genetic predisposition to having a stroke, illustrated by family history. Aging is another factor that increases risk. However, there are many risk factors that...

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SARCOPENIA

Growing old gracefully is not for the faint hearted, the brittle boned or the weak. Brittle bones due to osteoporosis, in combination with muscle loss (sarcopenia), can result in falls and broken bones. Muscle mass and strength, in particular, are very important to...

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BONE LOSS AND OSTEOPOROSIS

Like a silent thief in the night, you are unaware of the presence of osteoporosis, until something breaks suddenly – a window in the case of a burglar; or a bone in your body in the case of osteoporosis. What is bone? Although it looks like a rock-solid substance,...

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